(that's my baby helping me do research for my next novel)
Maltese is one of the oldest toy breeds, he was a luxurious dog, very cheap, in ancient times it was a symbol of wealth and status. For dogs that have arisen so early, it is almost impossible to go back to the origin, so that its origin is not traced. There are several theories as evidence.
If he comes from the island of Malta, whose name it bears, from the Sicilian port town of Melita, or even from Melitaea island off the Dalmatian coast? Probably from any of these places. It says its name “Bichon Maltais,” derived from the word “malate”, which means shelter or harbor. The word is in many names of the Mediterranean. The small white dog was probably in all ports and along the ancient trade route of the Mediterranean, not even as a lap dog, but as hunters of mice and rats. Where he came from and where are its roots, can prove any more. Today is historically well founded, that he has not occurred in Malta. This, in the famous ancient trading post, he was only known, and Malta is also merit in retaining its present form.
For Malta, the small dog spread to commercial vessels in whole known world. There are signs that it reached Japan, the Philippines and China, and that even the Maltese breeding all small breeds and the genetic basis of Lhasa Apso and Tibetan Terrier strongly influenced.
This would explain the recessive white gene, which appears today in the oriental breeds.
Darwin placed the origin of this breed for about 6,000 years before Chr.fest. The oldest evidence for Start of Malta in the Mediterranean have been found in Egyptian Faynne in Cairo near excavations. The dog statue found there was dated to about 600 years BC.
Even at 2500-year-old Greek vase from Vulci that comes from Athenian school, the little white Maltese dogs are similar and written MEAITAIE
Aristotle (384-322 pr.nl) published the first description of the breed. The place of origin, he brings to the island of Malta. He praises the perfect proportions of Malteses, and compares its size with the size of a rat or weasel.
If the old reports are true, then the Maltese in true sense was nice and expensive. People were willing to pay astronomical sums for their darlings, lined with the best was the favorite dishes of golden dishes, and after death they let them produce artistic gravestones and memorials. There are numerous reports that for the dog love, affection and loyalty replied to the death. Several times in ancient texts written that the Maltese was followed by his master into death.
Even the Romans with a certain status and prestige within the Roman Empire made it to the Emperor Claudius, and “decorated” with Maltese dog, especially women in society.
The preference of the new things the same document, the Roman historian of Malta ordered as an import, “Catelli” as a remarkably small lap dog with long silky hair and feathery tail curled. Poet Stravon (BC. 63-21 AD.) Gave him the name “Canis dingo throno” because it “in” under the prince was a Maltese to hold hands as they sat on the throne, and Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) reports that Malta can be white, black or black and white.
In the days of the Apostle Paul was a Roman governor Publius on the island of Malta. His shadow was “Issa” is a small Maltese.
His shadow was ISSA, small Malteser.Publius loved his dog about everything, and let him portray. The painted picture was allegedly so lifelike that the original and the picture was almost indistinguishable from each other. Who was the brilliant artist, is unknown. Until now only verse of the poet MV Marcialus (40-104 AD were obtained), which immortalized the little Issa: “Issa is more playful than Catullo’s sparrow, Issa is purer than kiss the dove, Issa is more subtle than girls, Issa is more precious than Indian Jewelry …
With a slow dissolution of the Roman Empire in the darkness of history disappeared Maltese. Last traces come from Constantinople, the capital of the Western Roman Empire. Then the Maltese disappeared 1,000 years ago. Only with the beginning of the Renaissance in Europe is the rebirth of the race.
During the Renaissance poet Ludovico Ariosto in a few sentences describing his literary works, Orlando Furioso, the Maltese dog:
, Smallest dog, the ever created nature, his long hair, whiter than ermine, its graceful movements and beautiful, incomparably elegant look.
As soon as art and culture in the lives of the rich and powerful became higher place, and again appears the Maltese. He appears on French tapestries from the 14th Century, etc. (“Lady and the Unicorn Musée de Cluny, Paris),
by the Flemish painter Hans Meneling (1425-1500) he has made in Vanity vanity
on an Italian picture from the same time he runs next to the Archangel Raphael, St. Tobias leads or he sits at the feet of Emperor Charles V in his study room. However, he was thought of as a sign of rank. Paintings from this period were not just decoration. That which surrounded the man showed clearly its position, views, character, or was it given loooong. Thus, Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua was by Titian painting in 1530, so the bride to know him better.
Montemezzano Francisco (1540-1602) Portrait of a Lady
In England, the first owner of Henry VIII was Maltesers There is a presumption that he has received it as a “Lyon”. But not because someone wanted the king to sell something new that was never there, but simply because we could not identify the breed better.
Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry I got her Maltese in 1583 as a gift from the Turkish sultan. During their rule, repeated in the English aristocracy to what already experienced the Greeks and Romans. A small dog was a “need”. Dr. Johannes Caius, physician to Queen Elizabeth appointed in 1570 in his Encyclopedia of the reason the dogs with the right name. Malteser he arranged between “Spaniel Gentle”, and called it “Canis delicati,” and wrote that this type is very small, and is ideal for pleasure and entertainment of women. The smaller the animal, the better it is kept for them, so it can be worn on the chest, in bed or on the hands, if they sit in the coach. Dr. Caius states that it was generally believed that these little dogs have a healing power. Through our own body heat drew the alleged pain and illness from the chest and stomach area. Caius does not indicate how it was possible in ordinary time “Criss-cross breeding to get the mini size with Maltese. The published but E. Topsel in 1607. This friendly and courageous dog, he said, were closed with a luxurious silky hair in small boxes so that they no longer grow. For safety’s also got the little to eat. During this time Malta was a grown about a foot high, ie approximately 30.48 cm. Around the same year was Aldro VanDusen history of the race out of Malta, he shows and describes two different variations: long-haired Maltese, and others with relatively short hair.
There was really short-haired version of the Maltesers, or has been short hair “” from the man? Namely English have two different names for Malta. This is also known as “Shock”Dog / Dog Strubbel – bristly, shaggy dog. Under this nice, friendly name hid a bedraggled, shaggy dog, which never came in contact with water. The people of that time also took a bath as long as man could have avoided it. They kept it healthy. One can not therefore assume that Derren dog was bathed frequently. As a result, many Maltese and running with protruding, matted hair.
The second, also by man-made version was the “little lion dog”. The body of Maltesers was shaved from the back up to ribs. On the legs were only tufts of hair above the paws, and tail was shaved up to half. These dogs fashion was also popular iauf French court, as the portrait of the Marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764) shows.
Here, in addition to the inkwell her black and white dog sits with Löwchenfrisur.
Finally, it was the lack of care caused that the Maltese came out of fashion. Naturalist Buffon remarked sarcastically: “What a Lady” wanted to be in, “contributed to their mini-Maltese in Muff. However, the Maltese did not last long because of poor supply bright and beautiful, like white silk, but very often literally dirty, so came the Muffs and white dogs out of fashion. “Maltese disappeared from palaces so thoroughly that Buffon published his book in science, in 1977, could it only after bites from the royal library draw.
As “the last of his tribe,” depicts him in England on an oil painting famous painter Landseer in 1830. He named the picture is not correct, but only almost.
On the islands of Malta were almost no more. There were so few that in 1841 the few crucial to bring to the court for a queen breeding pair from Manila – from the Philippines. “Cupid” – male, and “Psyche” – female, were, however, after ten months on a ship in such a state that no one dared to give to the Queen of England. Queen Victoria had to wait. Still later, she has kept Malta. Cupid and Psyche came to the brother of the ship’s captain, who had previously bred only Mastifs, but very quickly grew in his love for Neuankömlingen. How great this “breeding material” was to get what he has, has to a letter from 1859: “My psyche, a direkterAbkömmling of Cupid and Psyche of Manila, is now pure white with 20-months, weighs 3 1 / 4 pounds, her hair is measured on the shoulders of full length 15 inches (38.1 cm) and when she plays and jumps, it looks like a ball of silk, and her tail is on the back, such as glass fibers.
For all dog breeds suitable for doing laps, this breed is adorable, she is exceptionally intelligent and lively, full of spirit and absolutely free from defects of the Spaniards, such as sleep apnea or rapid breathing, and she is naturally clean and smooth.
So many good qualities, just had to arrive in people’s consciousness. And that’s what happened. Maltese found in England, but also on the continent, friends again, people took him seriously as a dog, and him not meaningless crossed with other breeds to achieve “personal” half-breed, but, conversely, to preserve his clean race attempted.
If the breeder and began to organize clubs, founded and first time in history was a Maltese breed standard together, it started slowly but constantly with that dog to go on a mountain. For many years, but could not unite on the filing of the Maltesers. Should he be assigned to Terriers, like many for his temperament and his focus on the rats, or Spanish (because of his physique and hair)? In 1862 was issued in London 20 Maltese.
English breed club was founded in 1873. One of his first tasks was to form stud book. In the first book of the Englich Breeding Kennel Club of England was registered between 1859-1873 24 Maltese. However, do not correspond to today’s standard. Size did not fit, hair was wavy and had the dogs with high and low ears.
Very famous breeder of years from 1875 to 1885 was Lady Giffard, their dogs were known by the long, silky coat. Two of the most famous of her dogs were 4 pounds swaying “Hugh” and his sister from the same litter, weighing 3 pounds, “Queenie”.
From 1902 to 1913, there were also classes for Maltese Kennel Club, a different color than the desired “pure white” had. The Americans have a special fondness for these dogs. Ins AKK pedigree first two Maltese dogs were registered in 1888. There were “Snips” was châteaux Unknown Origin and “Topsy” Import from England. By 1914, many dogs came from England to the United States and like many breeders have focused on the “improvement” of the Maltesers. The Toy Poodle crossed with him often and hoped for positive results for both races. Instead, she wore a failure of the two breeds (such as eye shape and structure of the hair), which are still sporadic.
American Kennel Club has still a different breed standard for Malta as a European, and all the LW to FCI countries. In America there are more puppy-dog look, respectively. as a “puppet”, are rather square, have longer legs and much more rounded head, which quite often leads to difficulties in childbirth. Malta has not become a dog that is bred in large numbers to the whole world. Apart from Japan, where his popularity makes a serious competition of the national breed Akita Inu, Maltese in many countries rather small but noble society of fans. For example, in Australia there are only a few breeders who have yet to contend with many different growing conditions in the individual provinces. In Italy – Maltesers patronage of the country, was in 1970, only five (!) Registered puppies. In 1992 it was already 775th Even in France for 20 years is rising slowly but steadily by interest maltese. Every year it is now 500 puppies.
But of course, in the 20th Century bliebtMalteser a dog that is often seen in the villas and palaces. For example, journalist Chaira Pisani accompanied at all interviews of the Maltese “Annie Kara Dancer” accompanied. Annie was also an interview with the Shah of Persia, Brando and Charlton Heston mitMarlon here, where they entertained the audience. Liz Taylor are in the hands of official events at his favorite Maltese “Sugar” claims that you can see more and more Maltese in fashion magazines. A Mlteser also Elvis Presley and Madonna have had it too. More at V.I.P. Maltese.